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공공누리This item is licensed Korea Open Government License

Title
Early onset of structural inequality in the formation of collaborative knowledge in all Wikimedia projects
Author(s)
윤진혁정하웅이상훈
Publisher
Nature Publishing Group
Publication Year
2019-02-12
Abstract
The Wikimedia project, including Wikipedia, is one of the largest communal data sets and has served as a representative medium to convey collective knowledge in the twenty-first century. Researchers have believed that the analysis of these collaborative digital data sets provides a unique window into the processes of collaborative knowledge formation; yet, in reality, most previous studies have usually focused on its narrow subsets. Here, by analysing all 863 Wikimedia projects (various types and in different languages), we find evidence for a universal growth pattern in communal data formation. We observe that inequality arises early in the development of Wikimedia projects and stabilizes at high levels. To understand the mechanism behind the observed structural inequality, we develop an agent-based model that considers the characteristics of the editors and successfully reproduces the empirical results. Our findings from the Wikimedia projects data, along with other types of collaboration data, such as patents and academic papers, show that a small number of editors have a disproportionately large influence on the formation of collective knowledge. This analysis offers insights into how various collaboration environments can be sustained in the future.
Keyword
Wikipedia; Complex Systems; Communal Dataset; Structural Inequality; 위키백과; 복잡계; 공유데이터; 구조적불균형
Journal Title
Nature human behaviour;
Citation Volume
3
ISSN
2397-3374
DOI
10.1038/s41562-018-0488-z
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Appears in Collections:
7. KISTI 연구성과 > 학술지 발표논문
URI
https://repository.kisti.re.kr/handle/10580/16342
Fulltext
 https://scienceon.kisti.re.kr/srch/selectPORSrchArticle.do?cn=NART111290182
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