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공공누리This item is licensed Korea Open Government License

An Enzyme-Inspired Formulation of the Electrolyte for Stable and Efficient Vanadium Redox Flow Battery at High Temperatures
Saleem Abbas하흥용안아름
American Chemical Society
Publication Year
Histidine, inspired by vanadium bromoperoxidase enzyme, has been applied as a homogeneous electrocatalyst to the positive electrolyte of vanadium redox flow battery (VRFB) to improve the performance and stability of VRFB at elevated temperatures. The histidine-containing electrolyte is found to significantly improve the performance of VRFB in terms of thermal stability estimated by the remaining amount of VO2+ in the electrolyte (61 vs 43% of a pristine one), energy efficiency at a high current density of 150 mA cm–2 (78.7 vs 71.2%), and capacity retention (73.2 vs 27.7%) at 60 °C. The mechanism of the catalytic functions of histidine with the chemical species in the electrolyte has been investigated for the first time by multinuclear NMR spectroscopy and first-principles calculations. The analyzed data reveal that histidine improves the kinetics of both charge and discharge reactions through different affinity toward the reactants and products as well as suppresses the precipitation of VO2+ by impeding the polymerization of vanadium ions. These findings are in good agreement with the improved chemical and electrochemical performance of the histidine-containing VRFB. Our results show a new type of chemical/electrochemical mechanism in the improved redox flow battery performance that may be essential in a new research arena for better performance of electrochemical systems
redox flow batteries; histidine; electrocatalyst; metal coordination; nuclear magnetic resonance; first-principles calculations; electrolyte stability
Journal Title
ACS Applied Materials & Interfaces;
Citation Volume
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